All content in Neos lives in Workspaces. The publicly visible content comes from a workspace called live, and any editing takes place in other workspaces. Edits will only become visible on the live website if they are published to the live workspace.

That means workspaces can be seen as a way to group content based on it’s state in the editing process. Workspaces behave like transparent sheets of paper: On your own sheet you can draw new things, but the live sheet below is still visible (and due to it’s magic nature even updates of other editors publish changes to it).

Workspaces can also be stacked: between the live workspace and an editor’s own workspace can be yet another workspace that is shared between editors to allow collaboration on bigger changes as well as the review of changes before they are published. The workspace a workspace is based on is called base workspace.


Public Workspace
A public workspace has no owner and is not based on another workspace. Usually there is one public workspace name live: it contains the content that is visible to the visitors of a Neos-driven website.
Internal Workspace
An internal workspace has no specific owner and is shared between editors. Internal workspaces are used to collaborate on bigger changes, like preparing a sales campaign.
Private Workspace
Private workspaces are owned by a specific editor and only visible to that editor (and those having the administrator role). They can be used to shelve work temporarily, for example.
Personal Workspace
Every editor has exactly one personal workspace. Any editing goes to that workspace first, no matter what. This personal workspace is only accessible by its owner.

Managing Workspaces

From the user side workspace management is rather simple. New workspaces can be created in the Workspaces module. As soon as more than one workspace is available, a new option will appear in the publish button of the content module. It allows to switch the workspace that is being worked on (in more technical terms it will re-base the personal workspace onto the selected one) and that will be published to.


To be able to switch the base workspace, there must be no pending changes in the personal workspace.

In the Workspaces module a list of existing workspaces is shown. That list shows the base workspace and owner as well as a quick statistics view of the unpublished changes in each workspace. Depending on permissions buttons allow to review changes, edit a workspace or delete it.

When changes in a workspace are reviewed, a list of those changes is shown and they can be published or discarded completely or selectively.



  • all users can create new private workspaces.
  • all users can edit/delete their own private workspaces.
  • users with the TYPO3.Neos:RestrictedEditor role can only publish to internal or private workspaces.
  • other users (having the TYPO3.Neos:Editor role) can also publish to the public workspace live and create new internal workspaces.
  • Administrators (having the TYPO3.Neos:Administrator role) can create internal workspaces and manage (edit and delete) internal as well as private workspaces.

Workflow Examples

Doing some quick edits

Publish to live directly

This is a very quick and easy workflow for editors that may publish to the live workspace. Just do any edits in your personal workspace and publish to live when you are done.

Using a review workspace

If publishing to live is not allowed or a review of the changes is desired, an internal or private workspace can be created. The changes are published to that workspace first and can then be reviewed and published to live by a reviewer or administrator.

Prepare a new section

If a new section for the website is to be prepared collaboratively, a new internal workspace needs to be created. Everyone working on the new section switches their personal workspace to use the internal workspace as base workspace and published changes to it. As soon as everything is done the changes can be reviewed and published.

If some edits need to be made to other parts of the website in between, the personal workspace base can be switched to the live or another workspace as needed. This allows to do independent edits without conflicts.