Behat tests for Neos

Setting up Neos for running Behat tests

The Neos package contains a growing suite of Behat tests which you should take into account while fixing bugs or adding new features. Please note that running these tests require that the Neos demo site package (TYPO3.NeosDemoTypo3Org) is installed and activated.

Install Behat for the base distribution

Behat is installed in a separate folder and has a custom composer root file. To install Behat run the following composer command in FLOW_ROOT/Build/Behat:

cd Build/Behat
composer install

A special package Flowpack.Behat is used to integrate Flow with Behat and is installed if the base distribution was installed with composer install –dev.

Create configuration for subcontexts

Behat needs two special Flow contexts, Development/Behat and Testing/Behat.

  • The context Development/Behat should be mounted as a separate virtual host and is used by Behat to do the actual HTTP requests.
  • The context Testing/Behat is used inside the Behat feature context to set up test data and reset the database after each scenario.

These contexts should share the same database to work properly. Make sure to create a new database for the Behat tests since all the data will be removed after each scenario.


        dbname: 'neos_testing_behat'


        dbname: 'neos_testing_behat'
        driver: pdo_mysql
        user: ''
        password: ''

Example virtual host configuration for Apache:

<VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot "FLOW_ROOT/Web"
        ServerName neos.behat.test
        SetEnv FLOW_CONTEXT Development/Behat

Configure Behat

The Behat tests for Neos are shipped inside the TYPO3.Neos package in the folder Tests/Behavior. Behat uses a configuration file distributed with Neos, behat.yml.dist, or a local version, behat.yml. To run the tests, Behat needs a base URI pointing to the special virtual host running with the Development/Behat context. To set a custom base URI the default file should be copied and customized:

cd Packages/Application/TYPO3.Neos/Tests/Behavior
cp behat.yml.dist behat.yml
# Edit file behat.yml

Customized behat.yml:

    features: Features
    bootstrap: %behat.paths.features%/Bootstrap
      files_path: features/Resources
      show_cmd: 'open %s'
      goutte: ~
      selenium2: ~

      base_url: http://neos.behat.test/


Some tests require a running Selenium server for testing browser advanced interaction and JavaScript. Selenium Server can be downloaded at and started with:

java -jar selenium-server-standalone-2.x.0.jar

Running Behat tests

Behat tests can be run from the Flow root folder with the bin/behat command by specifying the Behat configuration file:

bin/behat -c Packages/Application/TYPO3.Neos/Tests/Behavior/behat.yml

In case the executable file bin/behat is missing, create a symlink by running the following command in FLOW_ROOT/bin:

ln -s ../Build/Behat/vendor/behat/behat/bin/behat


You might want to warmup the cache before you start the test. Otherwise the tests might fail due to a timeout. You can do that with FLOW_CONTEXT=Development/Behat ./flow flow:cache:warmup.


  • Make sure to use a new database and configure the same databse for Development/Behat and Testing/Behat
  • Run Behat with the -v option to get more information about errors and failed tests
  • A failed step can be inspected by inserting “Then show last response” in the .feature definition